Controversy, demonstrations, scandals, arrests ... Feminism has always challenged the status quo and, even if the road is still long, here are 9 historical photographs that remind us of the progress made so far.
Prohibition of running
Kathrine Switzer was the first woman to enter the Boston Marathon in 1967, a race exclusively for men at the time. After realizing that a woman had joined the race, event organizer Jock Semple tried to stop her. However, Switzer had the support of her partner and several friends who, hidden among the runners, formed a protective circle around her.
The model Jean Shrimpton created a scandal in 1965, when she went to the carnival of the Melbourne Cup in Australia, wearing a "mini-skirt" above the knee, without tights, gloves or hat. Yves Saint Laurent would popularize, sometime later, the wearing of the mini-skirt with his Robe Mondrian.
The First Female Tattooist
Maud Wagner, a circus artist and American trapeze artist, is the first known female tattoo artist. She met her husband in 1904, a tattoo artist who also performed as a tattooed man in a traveling show. She agreed to go on tour with him, as long as he taught her the art. By 1907, her body was already covered in ink and she would practice with her husband for years, despite the reluctance of some customers to be tattooed by a woman.
"Free Angela Davis"
Angela Davis is a human rights activist, Black Feminism representative and Black Panthers member. She was arrested in 1970 following an escape attempt by three black prisoners that resulted in the death of a California judge and was then convicted of criminal conspiracy, kidnapping and homicide. She spent 22 months in prison, during which a world movement was formed advocating for her release, making her a cultural icon. Acquitted on June 4, 1972, she gave a legendary speech five days later at the Embassy Auditorium in Los Angeles, the first stop on a world tour to thank her supporters.
In Chicago 1922, a woman was violently arrested for wearing a swimsuit deemed indecent. Women publicly wearing swimsuits, as well as its stylistic evolutions, have often been the subject of controversy. Swimmer, actress and author Annette Kellermann was also arrested in 1907 for posing with a professional photographer in her swimsuit, which showed only her arms and neck.
Formula 1's First Female
Italy's Maria Teresa de Filippis was the first female driver to race in a Formula 1 race. She made her debut on May 18, 1958, and competed in five Grand Prix and several other races. She is considered a pioneer in race car driving for women.
Lady of the Young Lords
Denise Oliver-Velez is a professor and American activist, a member of the Young Lords (a group defending Puerto Rican nationalism and the rights of Puerto Ricans in the United States) and Black Panthers. She joined the Young Lords group in 1968, and a year later, created a women's commission, allowing the Young Lords to become an openly feminist organization. "We want equality for women. Down with machismo and male domination," she said.
War on What to Wear
Several members of the Women's Organization to War on Styles are here gathered in front of a Berkeley, California store in 1947 to protest against long skirts and padded clothes. Their "battle dress", in underwear, was of course chosen to shock and attract the attention of crowds.
All in One Basket
Senda Berenson Abbott, born in 1868, was a physical education teacher and basketball player. A pioneer in women's basketball, she is known for adapting the rules for women in 1899 and for writing the first Women's Basketball Guide.