Wiener Werkstätte, or Vienna Workshops, was a production cooperative founded by the architect Josef Hoffmann and graphic artist Koloman Moser in 1903. The idea was sprung from the Vienna Secession: a progressive communion of artists and designers founded in 1897. The Wiener Werkstätte and its creators were all representatives of the austrian art nouveau style, also referred to as wienerjugend.
The cooperative made articles of everyday use, jewelry and furniture. Their aim was to create functional items with renewed aesthetics. Their ideal, much like the Secession, was the architectural meaning "Gesamtkunstwerk", total art, which refers to the attempt of having every item in one environment contribute to the totality.