Eileen Gray was an Irish architect, designer and artist. She was born in Ireland, but spent her childhood in London. Gray was one of the first women to be accepted to Slade School of Fine Art in London. She later moved to Paris where she continued her career as an artist. In 1922, Gray opened a gallery, which she also used as an interior design firm. Gray was involved in the arts and culture, and thus learned to know big names such as Le Corbusier. Gray was one of the most influential in the International Style movement during the first half of the 1900s, and was also involved in the Bauhaus School.
Gray designed the house E-1027 in the French Riviera together with architect Jean Badovici in 1924, where she also designed the interior. This cooperation was the start of a great career for Gray as a designer, and even today her Bibendum chair and E-1027 adjustable side table are still being manufactured and sold. In 1972, the Royal Society of Arts appointed her as Royal Designer for Industry. The E-1027 adjustable side table is also included in the permanent exhibitions at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City, NY.
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