Vincent van Gogh (1853–1890) Netherlands

Vincent van Gogh is one of the main forerunners of Modern and Expressionist art. Van Gogh spent the years 1883 to 1885 in his parental home in Nuenen during which time he developed a painting style with dark earth tones, broad brushwork and gnarled drawings. Van Gogh studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Antwerp from 1885 to 1886, when he moved to Paris where he studied at the Académie Cormon. Van Gogh was strongly inspired by the Impressionism and Neoimpressionism that he encountered in Paris, and he developed a bright painting style with light, flowing brushstrokes.
In 1888, van Gogh moved to Arles and created pen and ink drawings, a new rhythmic art with a system of unmethodical, powerful groups of short lines. In September 1888 van Gogh invited Paul Gauguin, with whom he had become acquainted earlier, to come and visit. They lived and worked together for two months, constantly engaged in discussion. After one argument, van Gogh rushed out, cut off his earlobe and was then taken care of and admitted to a mental hospital. In May 1890 van Gogh moved to Auvers-sur-Oise, north of Paris, where he was looked after by painter-doctor, Paul- Ferdinand Gachet. Van Gogh's health seemed to have improved, but after a sudden depression, he shot himself and died on July 27, 1890.

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