René Magritte was a Surrealist visual artist from Belgium. Magritte studied at the Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts in Brussels and spent time living in Paris. In Paris, Magritte socialized with the Surrealists. He was initially inspired by Modernist and Cubist painting, but then moved on to Surrealism while in Paris. Magritte’s work frequently shifts between reality and illusion, and often has a literary quality.
Magritte was not publicly acknowledged until after World War II, when he had a retrospective show in 1965 at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, as well as following exhibitions in London and Paris. These shows confirmed Magritte as one of the most significant Surrealist artists. Famous works by Magritte include The Son of Man and The Treachery of Images.