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The Sunflowers in 1937
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About the item

Based on what appears to be the fourth incarnation from Vincent van Gogh’s iconic series of sunflower canvases (National Gallery, London), Adrian Ghenie’s The Sunflowers in 1937 is an extraordinary and monumental reimagining of van Gogh’s masterpiece as subject to the events of twentieth-century history. Executed on a truly colossal scale, Ghenie’s painterly manipulation is heretofore unparalleled; the archetypal tonalities of van Gogh’s original are cut through by fiery reds, magentas, strident blue-greens, and soot-like passages of black to deliver a metamorphic vision of this famous vase of flowers. The clarity of their forms has become distorted, smudged, blurred, while a veil of confetti-like painterly additions appear as ashes, weightlessly floating in front of the picture plane. As though witnessing van Gogh’s Sunflowers in a state of near inferno, we imagine molten passages of oil paint shrinking to blackened welts as the canvas itself begins to disintegrate and disappear into thin air. Part of a body of work exhibited at Galerie Judin in the artist’s 2014 Berlin Noir show, the present work and its counterpart pieces conjure the vicious campaign for cultural cleansing that was the Third Reich’s denouncement of ‘degenerate art’. Entitled The Sunflowers in 1937 this painting pictures van Gogh’s masterpiece as haunted by the evil deeds of Nazi Germany. 1937 was the year in which the Nazi regime held the infamous exhibition of ‘Degenerate Art’ at the Institute of Archaeology in the Hofgarten in Munich. Masterminded by Joseph Goebbels as a counterpart to the concurrent ‘Great German Art’ exhibition held only a stones throw away at the Haus der Deutschen Kunst, the ‘Degenerate Art’ exhibition comprised some 650 works deemed an ‘insult to German feeling’. With the aim to educate the German public against the evils of modern art, prohibited works by avant-garde artists such as Nolde, Kirchner, Dix, Beckmann, and even works by non-German artists such as Mondrian, Chagall, and Kandinsky, were exhibited in narrow rooms emblazoned with derisive slogans and accompanied by propagandist wall captions intended to inflame public opinion. Forming part of Hitler’s campaign to cleanse Germany from a culture of ‘degeneracy’ – a term used to refer to avant-garde movements considered elitist, intellectual, foreign, and socialist influenced – thousands of artworks were seized from public institutions across Germany during 1937-38 and were either traded or sold, while works that failed to sell on the international market were burned in the yard of the fire station in Lindenstrasse in Berlin-Kreuzberg on 20th March 1939. In addition to the 1937 exhibition, Hitler’s final list of ‘Entartete Kunst’ comprised an inventory of more than 16,000 pieces encompassing even those by nineteenth-century artists such as Vincent van Gogh. Indeed, the inventory lists a self-portrait seized from the Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungenin in Munich that was sold for 175,000 Swiss Francs. This project of 'cultural cleansing' caused many countries to remove works by van Gogh and other blacklisted artists from display during the Nazi occupation; for example, in an effort to save their valuable collection, the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam hid such works in an underground bunker during the war.\nFor Adrian Ghenie, van Gogh holds a place of central importance; as a six year old he kept a Sunflowers painting printed on the cover of a Romanian art magazine under the his pillow for a number of months, and as an adult, Ghenie has even painted his own likeness in the guise of van Gogh’s famed self-images, in works from 2012 and 2014.\nGhenie’s Berlin Noir show took its name from Philip Kerr’s popular trilogy of crime novels in which the reader follows the protagonist, a police officer turned private investigator named Bernie Gunther, through the corruption and oppression of 1930s Berlin – Ghenie’s adopted home city. As though assuming the first hand perspective of this character, many of Ghenie’s paintings created for this exhibition invoke the notorious Nazi book burning ceremonies such as the one held in Opernplatz, Berlin on 10th May 1933 – an event well documented in black and white photographs from the time. That van Gogh had already garnered an international market saved his works from destruction (bar one version in the series that was destroyed in a fire in Japan during the war); however in Ghenie’s painting, the Dutch master’s Sunflowers is imagined as subject to the same fate as the many so-called ‘degenerate’ artworks and books that perished at the hands of the Nazis.\nSigned and dated 2014 on the reverse
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medium

Oil on canvas

creator

Adrian Ghenie

condition

Colour: The colour in the catalogue illustration is fairly accurate, although the overall tonality is brighter and more vibrant in the original. Condition: Please refer to the department for a professional condition report. "In response to your inquiry, we are pleased to provide you with a general report of the condition of the property described above. Since we are not professional conservators or restorers, we urge you to consult with a restorer or conservator of your choice who will be better able to provide a detailed, professional report. Prospective buyers should inspect each lot to satisfy themselves as to condition and must understand that any statement made by Sotheby's is merely a subjective, qualified opinion. Prospective buyers should also refer to any Important Notices regarding this sale, which are printed in the Sale Catalogue. NOTWITHSTANDING THIS REPORT OR ANY DISCUSSIONS CONCERNING A LOT, ALL LOTS ARE OFFERED AND SOLD AS IS" IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONDITIONS OF BUSINESS PRINTED IN THE SALE CATALOGUE."

dimensions

280 by 280cm.; 110 1/4 by 110 1/4 in.

exhibition

Berlin, Galerie Judin, Berlin Noir, 2014 Malaga, Centro de Arte Contemporáneo de Málaga, Adrian Ghenie, 2014-15, p. 85, illustrated in colour

provenance

Galerie Judin, Berlin Acquired from the above by the present owner

signedDate

Signed and dated 2014 on the reverse

consignmentDesignation

Property from an Important European Collection

creator_nationality_dates

B. 1977


*Note: The price is not recalculated to the current value. It refers to the actual final price at the time the item was sold.

*Note: The price is not recalculated to the current value. It refers to the actual final price at the time the item was sold.


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