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Spectre du soir sur la plage
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About the item

Dalí's windswept landscape of distant figures on a desolate beach conveys a vulnerability and menacing solitude that characterizes the artist's most poignant compositions. The painting is awash in a haze of topaz and sapphire that form the great expanse of the sandy beach and the brilliant blue sky of the Mediterranean. The setting here is the beach at Rosas on the Costa Brava, not far from Figueres. It was here that Dalí spent many summers as a child, and his recollections of this formative period were portrayed in many of his most haunting Surrealist compositions. Painted during the most important period of his career in 1935, Spectre du soir sur la plage exemplifies Dalí's genius for representing the potency of people, places and events long forgotten. This picture belongs to a series of beach depictions that Dalí completed in the mid-1930s. In some of these compositions, his cousin Carolinetta appears as an apparition in the distance. The precision with which Dalí renders these figures as miniature details of a sweeping vista calls to mind the landscape paintings of the European old masters, whom Dalí greatly admired. The melancholic setting of the deserted Spanish beach was a scene to which he would return time and time again over the years and would be the setting for some of his most paranoid artistic visions, including his epic Soft Construction with Boiled Beans, painted one year after the present work.\nIn 1934, Dalí delivered a lecture at the Museum of Modern Art in New York that outlined the major themes and preoccupations in his pictures of the time: "To understand an aesthetic picture, training in appreciation is necessary, cultural and intellectual preparation. For Surrealism the only requisite is a receptive and intuitive human being... The subconscious has a symbolic language that is truly a universal language for it does not depend on education or culture or intelligence but speaks with the vocabulary of the great vital constants, sexual instinct, sense of death, physical notion of the enigma of space these vital constants are universally echoed in every human being" (quoted in Salvador Dalí (exhibition catalogue), The Tate Gallery, London, 1908, pp. 15-16).\nAs was the case for his most important Surrealist compositions of the 1930s and afterwards, Dalí signed the present composition using a combined version of his own name and that of his lover Gala. The first appearance of the double-signature seems to be 1931, coinciding with the time immediately after Dalí's disinheritance by his father (in December 1930). By the time he painted the present work, Dalí's life and persona had become so intertwined with that of his companion that he no longer regarded his artistic production as independent from her influence.\nThroughout this period, the artist was championing his 'paranoiac-critical' method - his term for the controlled use of freely-associated imagery and subjects derived from self-induced hallucinations. There is a distinction to be drawn between this method and the automatism of many of his fellow Surrealists. Whereas automatism relies on unreflecting response to stimuli and chance occurrence, Dalí's approach to the irrational was highly planned and manipulated to fulfill a pre-established conception.\nDawn Ades writes of the artist's unique iconography: "...Dalí increasingly persuaded himself of the imperative to make his paintings as convincing, deceptive and illusionistic as possible. His aim, put crudely, was to give form to the formless and invisible, to dreams, reveries, delusions, desires and fears. His ambition, both in what he was aware of depicting and what remained fortuitous and concealed was to make the world of the imagination 'as objectively evident, consistent, durable, as persuasively, cognoscitively, and communicably thick as the exterior world of phenomenal reality.' His desire to give substance to the phantoms destined always to remain virtual led to one of the most sustained investigations into the relationship between vision, perception and representation of the century" (Dalí's Optical Illusions (exhibition catalogue), Hartford, Wadsworth Atheneum; Washington, D.C., Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden & Edinburgh, Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, 2000, p. 10).\nSigned Gala Salvador Dalí and dated 1935 (lower right)
US
NY, US
US

notes

Please note there is a Guarantee and an Irrevocable Bid on this lot.

medium

Oil on canvas

creator

Dalí, Salvador

dimensions

19 3/4 by 24 1/8 in.

exhibition

Humlebaek, Denmark, Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Salvador Dalí, 1973, no. 14, illustrated in the catalogue (dated 1934 and with incorrect dimensions) Frankfurt-am-Main, Städtische Galerie und Städelsche Kunstinstitut, Salvador Dalí, 1974, no. 8 Roslyn Harbor, Nassau County Museum, Surrealism: Dreams on Canvas, 2007

literature

Robert Descharnes & Gilles Néret, Salvador Dalí, L'Oeuvre peint, Cologne, 1994, vol. I, no. 495, illustrated p. 220; vol. II, catalogued p. 753 (dated 1934 and with the measurements 65 by 54 cm) Fundació Gala-Salvador Dalí, Salvador Dalí Catalogue raisonné of Paintings [1910-1939], Figueres, 2006, no. 360  (with the measurements 54 by 65 cm)

provenance

Private Collection, Europe (a gift from the artist circa 1935 and thence by descent) Private Collection, Connecticut (acquired from the above) Private Collection (acquired from the above and sold: Sotheby's, New York, May 5, 2010, lot 25) Acquired at the above sale

signedDate

Signed Gala Salvador Dalí and dated 1935 (lower right)

time_period

Painted in 1935. 

time_range_end

1935

artist_range_end

1989

time_range_start

1935

artist_range_start

1904

consignmentDesignation

Property of a Distinguished Asian Collector

creator_nationality_dates

1904 - 1989


*Note: The price is not recalculated to the current value. It refers to the actual final price at the time the item was sold.

*Note: The price is not recalculated to the current value. It refers to the actual final price at the time the item was sold.


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