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Le coq saigné
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Le coq saigné
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Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)\nLe coq saigné\n\nsigned 'Picasso' (upper left); dated '27.2.47. 13.10.48.' (on the reverse)\n\noil on plywood\n\n31 7/8 x 39 3/8 in. (81 x 99.9 cm.)\n\nPainted on 27 February 1947 and 13 October 1948
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notes

MASTERWORKS FROM THE COLLECTION OF ANTONI TÀPIES

Christie’s is honoured to present a selection of Twentieth Century Masterworks from the personal collection of Antoni Tàpies. Offered across a series of auctions throughout 2017 and 2018, these exceptional works offer  a unique insight into the powerful bond that existed between this revolutionary artist and the paintings, sculptures and artefacts he encountered over the course of his lifetime. Highly intimate objects, gathered together over the course of his meandering collecting journey, these objects were closely connected to Tàpies’s own artistic practice and reflect the seminal relationships, friendships and concepts that inspired him throughout his artistic career. Each work in the collection stands as a testament to the critical, perceptive and engaged way of looking that Tàpies was renowned for, and the passion he had for the works of his artistic and cultural forebears.

Gathering together artworks and objects apparently epochs and cultures apart, Tàpies collected passionately, but in a unique and idiosyncratic manner. An avid reader of ancient and Eastern philosophy, he held a deep fascination for the concept of ‘authentic reality’, a state of awakening which could be triggered by contact with a piece of art. As his son, Toni has explained: ‘For Tàpies, an artwork had to be like a talisman. A talisman capable of transmitting wisdom, thought and answers to the deepest doubts and concerns that may face a human being’ (T. Tàpies, ‘A Personal View’, in Tàpies: Lo Sguardo Dell’Artista, exh. cat., Venice, 2013, p. 27). It was this energy, the unique spirit of an artwork, that Tàpies sought in all he collected. It was a power which obsessed him, which he attempted to absorb, to digest and nurture, to combine with his own artistic vision, and finally, to translate into the gestures, strokes and marks he put down on his canvases. Each of these carefully selected works of art, chosen for their visual and spiritual presence, provided Tàpies with a personal library of visual stimuli, which acted as a catalyst for his own creative impulses and shaped and influenced his art throughout his career.The importance of these artworks in Tàpies’s everyday experience is evident – these are the images and shapes which captured his imagination, comforted him, inspired him and obsessed him on a daily basis. Each of these artworks provided essential nourishment for Tàpies’s creativity, opening a path for his artistic evolution and pushing his work to new levels of dynamic expression.

Maya Widmaier-Picasso has confirmed the authenticity of this work.

Claude Picasso has confirmed the authenticity of this work.

‘Painting is poetry and is always written in verse with plastic rhymes, never in prose’

(Picasso, quoted in F. Gilot & C. Lake, Life with Picasso, New York, 1964, p. 120)

A sinuously interlocking composition of colour, planar form, line and pattern, Pablo Picasso’s Le coq saigné (‘The bled cockerel’) is one of the most visually complex and arresting works of the large series of still-lifes that the artist painted during and immediately following the Second World War. In a manner rarely seen in Picasso’s still-lifes of the 1940s, the subject itself becomes almost entirely abstract, as Picasso, the consummate master of form, weaves a labyrinthine composition of striking visual force. Rendered in places with thickly textured, richly impastoed paint, the web of lines and composite planes of colour that constitute Le coq saigné conceal the more sinister subject matter that lies at the heart of the painting. A rooster with its throat cut is laid across a table, its neck hanging lifelessly from the tabletop, while to the right of the composition, a knife is balanced on a bowl filled with what appears to be an orb-shaped pool of blood. Painted on 27 February 1947 and subsequently finished over a year later, on 13 October 1948, Le coq saigné is one of three works from this time to take this striking subject, and is the most abstract and compelling of this dramatic trio. It was in 1951, just a few years after Picasso completed Le coq saigné, that Antoni Tàpies met Picasso for the first time in his studio on the rue des Grands Augustins in Paris. Tàpies remained an ardent admirer of the Spaniard for the rest of his life, and Le coq saigné was said to be his favourite work of his large and diverse collection.

At the time that Picasso painted Le coq saigné, the rooster had become one of the artist’s favoured motifs. According to Zervos’ dating, just six days before Picasso began the present work, he had depicted the same subject in a painting entitled Volaille et couteau sur une table (Zervos 15, no. 41; Sold Christie’s, New York, Ganz Collection). Here, the same dismembered rooster and knife appear in an almost identical setting to that of Le coq saigné. Leaving the majority of the canvas unpainted however, Picasso painted this version of the scene in a far more legible, albeit stylised and simplified style. This sombre subject matter and dramatic composition must have resonated with the artist as he chose to return to it just over a week later when he painted the present work. This time using plywood instead of canvas, he dramatically altered his conception of the scene, transforming both the objects and their setting into an abstract array of intersecting planes. The rooster has become a multipartite combination of pattern and line, its feathers rendered with patterns of striated black lines and red dots, while the empty, negative space surrounding it has been depicted with orb-like forms of radiant blue, white and black. Picasso would return one final time to this composition almost a month later, when, on 21 March he painted another version of the previously mentioned Volaille et couteau sur une table (Zervos 15, no. 42; Fundación Almine & Bernard Ruiz-Picasso para el Arte). Remaining distinctly representational, neither of these paintings shares the same visceral power of the interlocking, colour-filled interwoven forms of the present work.

According to Picasso’s close friend, the photographer Brassaï, the artist, ‘always wanted a [pet] cockerel...somewhere near him’ (Brassaï, Picasso and Company, New York, 1966, p. 196). Like the horse or the bull – both of which are central symbols in Picasso’s oeuvre – the rooster was imbued with connotations of masculinity and virility. Throughout the late 1930s and early 1940s, this animal proliferated in Picasso’s work, and, in the context of the turbulent, traumatic times in which he was painting, it can be seen to take on an even greater symbolism. Recognised as a national emblem of France, throughout the Second World War, the Gallic rooster served, as it had for many years previously, as a powerful symbol of the indomitable French spirit. Pictured in a variety of ways throughout Picasso’s painting, sculpture and drawing of the war years – resolute and defiant, or as the victim of cruelty or sacrifice – in Le coq saigné the rooster is dismembered and lifeless, an embodiment, it has been suggested, of the brutality and oppression that had been unleashed on the French, and indeed mankind as a whole, by the Nazis, and the violence from which the world was still recovering.

Picasso remained in occupied Paris for the duration of the Second World War, and, though he never directly depicted the unfolding horrors – save for Guernica and Le charnier, two works that stand at either end of the conflict – his work of the war years is steeped in the darkness and angst of war. Nowhere is this better exemplified than in the proliferation of still-lifes that dominate his output of the war and immediate post-war years. Picasso used an array of quotidian objects– food, animals, jugs, candles or books – which, though seemingly arbitrary, in fact served as powerful allegorical vehicles to evoke life, death, despair or hope. ‘I have not painted the war because I am not the kind of painter who goes out like a photographer for something to depict’, he later explained. ‘But I have no doubt that the war is in these paintings I have done’ (Picasso, quoted in S. A. Nash, ed., Picasso and the War Years 1937-1945, exh. cat., San Francisco & New York, 1999, p. 13). Though at the time he painted Le coq saigné, the Second World War had ended and Paris had been liberated, the artist was by no means devoid of worry and, as the present work shows, violence and death were not far from his mind. Deprivations continued to endure in Paris, and the nation was still coming to terms with the sheer scale of the loss, violence and tragedy that the war had inflicted. Yet, in many ways, the abstract idiom that Picasso has used to depict the macabre scene of Le coq saigné transforms it from being simply a still-life that embodies the idea of death. Instead, with its complex construction of form, bright colour and line, the work transcends the symbolic violence of the subject to become a near abstract vision based upon the powerful and resonant qualities of paint, material and matter itself.

The pared back and simplified style that Picasso has used in Le coq saigné, was, the artist explained, a reflection of post-war sentiment: ‘A more disciplined art, a less out-of-control freedom, this is the defence and the concern of the artist in times like ours’ (Picasso, quoted in B. Léal, C. Piot & M-L. Bernadac, The Ultimate Picasso, New York, 2003 p. 359). At this time, Picasso increasingly focused on the pictorial construction of his compositions. Gone are the frenzied, angular lines and clashing forms of his earlier wartime works, and in their place, a more lyrical and balanced pictorial language. The composition of Le coq saigné is carefully composed, each undulating curve and geometric black outline placed to create this mesmerising still-life scene. Here, as in many of his still-lifes, Picasso has placed the organic object in the left half of the picture and the inorganic in the right half, constructing the isolated setting from contrasts of white and black that unite the fragmented composition. Leaving behind the despair of the war years, Picasso has immersed himself in the expressive power of colour and form, looking forwards to a new era of hope and possibility.

Artist's Resale Right ("Droit de Suite"). Artist's Resale Right Regulations 2006 apply to this lot, the buyer agrees to pay us an amount equal to the resale royalty provided for in those Regulations, and we undertake to the buyer to pay such amount to the artist's collection agent.

MASTERWORKS FROM THE COLLECTION OF ANTONI TÀPIES

Christie’s is honoured to present a selection of Twentieth Century Masterworks from the personal collection of Antoni Tàpies. Offered across a series of auctions throughout 2017 and 2018, these exceptional works offer  a unique insight into the powerful bond that existed between this revolutionary artist and the paintings, sculptures and artefacts he encountered over the course of his lifetime. Highly intimate objects, gathered together over the course of his meandering collecting journey, these objects were closely connected to Tàpies’s own artistic practice and reflect the seminal relationships, friendships and concepts that inspired him throughout his artistic career. Each work in the collection stands as a testament to the critical, perceptive and engaged way of looking that Tàpies was renowned for, and the passion he had for the works of his artistic and cultural forebears.

Gathering together artworks and objects apparently epochs and cultures apart, Tàpies collected passionately, but in a unique and idiosyncratic manner. An avid reader of ancient and Eastern philosophy, he held a deep fascination for the concept of ‘authentic reality’, a state of awakening which could be triggered by contact with a piece of art. As his son, Toni has explained: ‘For Tàpies, an artwork had to be like a talisman. A talisman capable of transmitting wisdom, thought and answers to the deepest doubts and concerns that may face a human being’ (T. Tàpies, ‘A Personal View’, in Tàpies: Lo Sguardo Dell’Artista, exh. cat., Venice, 2013, p. 27). It was this energy, the unique spirit of an artwork, that Tàpies sought in all he collected. It was a power which obsessed him, which he attempted to absorb, to digest and nurture, to combine with his own artistic vision, and finally, to translate into the gestures, strokes and marks he put down on his canvases. Each of these carefully selected works of art, chosen for their visual and spiritual presence, provided Tàpies with a personal library of visual stimuli, which acted as a catalyst for his own creative impulses and shaped and influenced his art throughout his career.The importance of these artworks in Tàpies’s everyday experience is evident – these are the images and shapes which captured his imagination, comforted him, inspired him and obsessed him on a daily basis. Each of these artworks provided essential nourishment for Tàpies’s creativity, opening a path for his artistic evolution and pushing his work to new levels of dynamic expression.

title

Le coq saigné

signed

signed 'Picasso' (upper left); dated '27.2.47. 13.10.48.' (on the reverse)

creator

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

exhibited

Barcelona, Sala Gaspar, Picasso: pinturas, dibujos, grabados, March 1968, no. 1 (illustrated).

Venice, Palazzo Fortuny, Tàpies. Lo sguardo dell'artista, June - November 2013, p. 57 (illustrated; dated '1947').

Barcelona, Fundació Antoni Tàpies, Tàpies. An artist's collection, June 2015 - January 2016 (no catalogue).

literature

C. Rodríguez-Aguilera, Picassos in Barcelona, London, 1988, no. 1066, pp. 53, 55 & 238 (illustrated p. 58, fig. 41, p. 208 & on the dust jacket).

A. Tàpies, El arte y sus lugares, Madrid, 1999, p. 196 (illustrated; dated '1947').

J.A. Montañés, 'Tàpies, como en casa', in El País, 12 June 2015 (illustrated in situ at Fundació Antoni Tàpies, Barcelona, 2015; dated '1947').

lot_number

8

provenance

Galerie Louise Leiris, Paris (no. 011105).

Sala Gaspar, Barcelona, by 1968.

Antoni Tàpies, Barcelona, by whom acquired from the above, and thence by descent to the present owner.


*Note: The price is not recalculated to the current value. It refers to the actual final price at the time the item was sold.

*Note: The price is not recalculated to the current value. It refers to the actual final price at the time the item was sold.


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