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LA ROUTE DE LA FERME SAINT-SIMÉON EN HIVER
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About the item

Claude Monet, LA ROUTE DE LA FERME SAINT-SIMÉON EN HIVER\nSigned Claude Monet (lower left)\nOil on canvas\n49 by 65cm.\n19 1/4 by 25 5/8 in.\nPainted in 1867.
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notes

A magnificent example of Monet's early landscapes, this winter scene depicts the snow-covered road between Trouville and Honfleur and, on the left, the Saint-Siméon farm. Monet executed his first views of this area (fig. 1) in 1864-65 during his stay there with his friend, the painter Frédéric Bazille. In early 1867 a heavy snowfall inspired him to paint another four snow scenes of the region, including the present work, another example now at the Musée d'Orsay in Paris (fig. 2), and one in the Fogg Art Museum in Cambridge, Massachusetts (fig. 3). After this series of paintings Monet would return to this subject throughout his career, fascinated by snow and by the possibilities it offered him as a painter, and delighted by the unique quality of winter light.

Eliza E. Rathbone wrote about the present work: 'Among Monet's earliest landscapes with snow, Road by Saint-Simeon Farm in Winter is one of several paintings that Monet made after a substantial snowfall had blanketed the region of Honfleur. It was probably painted in January of 1867 when Monet was known to have been working on effets de neige. All the snowscapes that he painted at this time were done on the stretch of road that passes by the Saint-Siméon Farm, the main buildings of which are visible in this painting to the left of the road. Here the artist's view is from slightly farther away from the farm than it had been in his painting of two years earlier, A Cart on the Snowy Road at Honfleur [fig. 1]' (E. Rathbone in Impressionists in Winter (exhibition catalogue), op. cit., p. 82).

The following year, Léon Billot gave an account of Monet painting out-of-doors in the snow, a vivid proof of the artist's dedication to capturing the effects of light on snow: 'It was during winter, after several snowy days, when communications had almost been interrupted. The desire to see the countryside beneath its white shroud had led us across the fields. It was cold enough to split rocks. We glimpsed a little heater, then an easel, then a gentleman swathed in three overcoats, with gloved hands, his face half-frozen. It was M. Monet studying an aspect of the snow' (L. Billot, 'Exposition des Beaux-Arts', in Journal du Havre, 9th October 1868, quoted in ibid., p. 82).

medium

Oil on canvas

creator

Claude Monet

exhibited

Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum, Rétrospective d'art français, 1926, no. 73

Berlin, Galerie Thannhauser, Claude Monet, Gedächtnis-Ausstellung, 1928, no. 10, illustrated in the catalogue (as dating from 1868)

Paris, Galerie Durand-Ruel, Tableaux de Claude Monet, 1928, no. 2 (as dating from 1868)

Paris, Musée de l'Orangerie, Claude Monet, 1931, no. 3, illustrated in the catalogue

London, Royal Academy of Arts, French Art, 1200-1900, 1932, no. 465

Honfleur, Musée Municipal, Honfleur et ses peintres, 1934, no. 83, illustrated in the catalogue

Pittsburgh, Carnegie Institute, French Painting, 1100-1900, 1951, no. 109, illustrated in the catalogue (as dating from 1870)

Saint-Louis, City Art Museum & Minneapolis, The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Claude Monet, 1957, no. 12, illustrated in the catalogue (as dating from 1870)

New York, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York Collects, 1968, no. 114

New York, Richard L. Feigen & Co., Claude Monet, 1969, no. 2, illustrated in the catalogue

Chicago, The Art Institute of Chicago, Paintings by Monet, 1975, no. 21, illustrated in the catalogue

Cleveland, Museum of Art, Japonisme: Japanese Influence on French Art, 1854-1910, 1975, no. 181a, illustrated in the catalogue

New York, Acquavella Galleries, Claude Monet, 1976, no. 3, illustrated in colour in the catalogue

Williamstown, Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, Jongkind and the Pre-Impressionists: Painters of the Ecole Saint-Siméon, 1976-77, no. 91, illustrated in the catalogue

Paris, Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais & New York, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Les Origines de l'Impressionnisme 1859-1869, 1994, no. 139, illustrated in colour in the catalogue

Washington, D.C., The Phillips Collection; San Francisco, The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco & Brooklyn, Brooklyn Museum, Impressionists in Winter: 'Effets de neige', 1998-99, no. 2, illustrated in colour in the catalogue

New York, Wildenstein, Claude Monet: A Tribute to Daniel Wildenstein and Katia Granoff, 2007, no. 3, illustrated in colour in the catalogue

dimensions

49 by 65cm. 19 1/4 by 25 5/8 in.

literature

Gérard Jean-Aubry, Eugène Boudin, Paris, 1922, p. 64

Camille Mauclair, Claude Monet, London & Paris, 1927, pl. 11, illustrated p. 61

Gaston Poulain, Bazille et ses amis, Paris, 1932, p. 70

Georges Grappe, Monet, Paris, 1941, illustrated p. 53

Maurice Malingue, Claude Monet, Paris, 1943, illustrated p. 37

John Rewald, Le Post-Impressionnisme de Van Gogh à Gauguin, Paris, 1961, illustrated p. 179

Kermit Swiler Champa, Studies in Early Impressionism, New Haven, 1973, fig. 18, illustrated

Daniel Wildenstein, Claude Monet. Biographie et catalogue raisonné, Lausanne & Paris, 1974, vol. I, no. 81, illustrated p. 157

Gerald Needham, 19th Century Realist Art, New York, 1988, fig. 202, illustrated p. 189

Daniel Wildenstein, Monet, Catalogue Raisonné, Cologne, 1996, vol. II, no. 81, illustrated in colour p. 44

Monet & Bazille: A Collaboration (exhibition catalogue), The High Museum of Art, Atlanta, 1999, fig. 22, illustrated in colour p. 49

Vanessa Potts, Essential Monet, Bath, 2000, illustrated in colour pp. 38-39 & 98

Adrian Lewis, 'Monet's Route de la ferme St-Siméon Series (1864-67)', in Apollo, CLII, no. 462, London, August 2000, fig. 12, illustrated p. 46

provenance

Jean-Baptiste Faure, Paris

Mme Laurent, France (sale: Hôtel Drouot, Paris, 11th February 1903, lot 9)

Galerie Durand-Ruel, Paris and Galerie Rosenberg, Paris (purchased jointly at the above sale)

Galerie Rosenberg, Paris (acquired from the above in December 1903)

Jean Dollfus and the Zygomalas Collection, Paris (circa 1911)

Rosenberg, Paris (circa 1926)

Georges Clemenceau, France (acquired by 1927)

Georges Martin, Paris

Sam Salz, New York (circa 1951)

Acquired from the above by the present owner in 1952


*Note: The price is not recalculated to the current value. It refers to the actual final price at the time the item was sold.

*Note: The price is not recalculated to the current value. It refers to the actual final price at the time the item was sold.


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