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Te Deum
Te Deum

Te Deum

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NY, US
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About the item

A triumph of color, Hans Hofmanns Te Deum from 1964 represents the zenith of the artist's output and is an exemplar of his most revered Slab paintings. Painted during a pivotal moment in Hofmanns oeuvresix years after he retired from his illustrious career as a teacher and began an exclusive devotion to paintingTe Deum is among the finest examples of his corpus. Hofmanns initial success arose from his unmatched talent as an educator; Clement Greenberg lauded Hofmann as in all probability the most important art teacher of our time. (Clement Greenberg, in Cynthia Goodman, Hans Hofmann (Modern Masters Series), Berkeley, 1986, p. 9) However, Hofmanns late-career Slab paintings, of which Te Deum is a part, place his artistic practice at the forefront of his legacy and, in fact, must be regarded as one of the most extraordinary creative phenomena in the history of modern art. (Exh. Cat. London, The Tate Gallery, Hans Hofmann: Late Paintings, 1988, p. 7) Testifying to the significance of Te Deum, the Whitney Museum of American Art selected the present work for its massive 1990 retrospective exhibition of Hofmanns career. Mining the canon of modern art history, Te Deum defies geographic boundaries and forges a bond between movements as varied as Fauvism, Cubism, and Abstract Expressionism. A tribute to the Christian liturgical hymn Te Deum, the present work recall[s] the abrupt changes and the rejoicing mood of many passages in Bachs Brandenburg Concertos, which Hofmann listened to over and over again while painting. (Cynthia Goodman, Hans Hofmann (Modern Masters Series), Berkeley, 1986, pp. 98-99) Indeed, Te Deums remarkable variety of surface treatments enlivens the canvas, allowing viewers a sense of the melodies and harmonies which accompanied the painting's virtuosic creation. Echoing the hymn from which it takes its name, Te Deum performs a symphony of various tempos through its endless explorations of surface treatment. In his teaching, Hofmann described color in terms of the tone scales in music, which can be played in Major or Minor; each color scale, he explained, accords to a rhythm entirely its own. (Hans Hofmann, A Statement by Hans Hofmann, Exh. Cat., New York, Hans Hofmann, Kootz Gallery, 1952, n.p.) Hofmann juxtaposes the strict geometric Slabs with a fluid background of tangerine zig-zags; swaths of yellow ombré paint; a burnt orange and olive green sponged patchwork; and an intoxicating amalgam of seemingly improvised strokes, which range in hue from amethyst, hot pink, mustard yellow, hunter green, to crimson and clay. The array of colors in the present work creates a sense of the tones and pitches at play, whereas Hofmanns handling of the painted surface and its various colors provides an indication of Te Deums rhythm. From the slow, carefully measured Slabs; the staccato diagonal strokes of paint at the juxtaposition of the blue and green rectangles; the vibrato of the slight flicks of green pigment; to the sumptuous largo of the downward-sloping red line, Te Deum demonstrates Karen Wilkins estimation of Hofmanns paintings as reflections of an omnivorous appetite for stimuli. (Karen Wilkin, Hans Hofmann: Tradition and Invention, Suzi Villiger, Ed., Hans Hofmann: Catalogue Raisonné of Paintings, Vol. I, Burlington, 2014, p. 47)\nTe Deum exemplifies the unparalleled synthesis of influences that has shaped Hofmanns oeuvrea blend of European and American styles so extraordinary and singular that art historian William C. Seitz hailed Hofmann as having crossed more significant boundaries, national and aesthetic, than almost any other twentieth century painter. (William C. Seitz, Introduction, Exh. Cat., New York, The Museum of Modern Art, Hans Hofmann, 1963, p. 7) Hofmann's ability to take on the legacies of movements so far reaching results, in part, from his direct connection to many of the most heralded schools of artistic thought of the twentieth century. Not only did he train as a painter in Paris during the height of Fauvism and the birth of Cubism, but he also moved to New York at the cusp of the citys emergence as the new center of the art world, a byproduct of the advent of Abstract Expressionism. Foremost among Hofmann's influences is Henri Matisse, the modern master whose flattening of perspective and joyous celebration of color come to life in some of art history's most beloved paintings. Indeed in the present work, Hofmann evokes the expressionistic and saturated colors of Still Life on a Blue Table, further abstracting Matisse's interior in a contemporary vernacular. Viewers can trace the fusion of a Cubist and Fauvist visual vocabulary; Te Deum constructs form and a sense of space through geometric planes while also employing unmixed passages of vibrant color and loose brushstrokes. Fractured and fragmented, Hofmanns Cubist-like planes simultaneously affirm the flatness of the canvas and create an illusion of three-dimensionality. His side-by-side placement of complementary colors evidences his Fauvist-like commitment to color theory. Underlying these European impulses is the Abstract Expressionist ethos of individualism and unbridled self-expression: Creative expression, Hofmann explains, [is] the spiritual translation of inner concepts into form. (The artist cited in Cynthia Goodman, Hans Hofmann (Modern Masters Series), Berkeley, 1986, p. 109)\nTe Deum serves as a veritable consummation of his array of philosophies, teachings, and sources. Like the swelling of an orchestra, Te Deum creates form through the luscious harmony of combined elementsa perfect instantiation of Hofmanns artistic aim: To form and to paint as Schubert sings his songs and Beethoven creates a world in sounds. (Irving Sandler, The Triumph of American Painting: A History of Abstract Expressionism, New York, 1970, pp. 68-72)\nSigned and dated 64; signed, titled, dated 1964, numbered Cat 1541, and variously inscribed on the reverse
US
NY, US
US

medium

Oil on canvas

creator

Hofmann, Hans

dimensions

52 by 60 in. 132.1 by 152.4 cm.

exhibition

New York, André Emmerich Gallery, Hans Hofmann: Ten Major Works, January 1969, n.p., no. 2, illustrated in color Detroit, J.L. Hudson Gallery, Hans Hofmann: Oils and Watercolors, April 1970 Detroit, Detroit Institute of Art, Contemporary Art in Detroit Collections, January - March 1982 New York, Whitney Museum of American Art, Hans Hofmann, June 1990 - April 1991, p. 156, no. 114, illustrated in color

literature

"The 6 Most Puzzling Color Questions," House & Garden 130, September 1966, p. 176, illustrated in color (in installation) Walter Darby Bannard, "Hans Hofmann," Artforum 7, Summer 1969, p. 38, illustrated in color, and p. 41 (text) Cynthia Goodman, Hans Hofmann, New York, 1986, p. 75 (text) and p. 77, no. 62, illustrated Suzi Villiger, ed., Hans Hofmann Catalogue Raisonné of Paintings, Volume III: Catalogue Entries P847-PW89 (1952-1965), Surrey, 2014, p. 454, no. P1558, illustrated in color 

provenance

Estate of the artist André Emmerich Gallery, New York Private Collection (acquired from the above in 1968) J.L. Hudson Gallery, Detroit Paul and Helen Zuckerman, Detroit (acquired from the above in 1970) Christie's New York, November 14, 2012, Lot 16 (consigned by the above) Acquired by the present owner from the above

signedDate

Signed and dated 64; signed, titled, dated 1964, numbered Cat 1541, and variously inscribed on the reverse

artist_range_end

1966

artist_range_start

1880

creator_nationality_dates

1880 - 1966


*Note: The price is not recalculated to the current value. It refers to the actual final price at the time the item was sold.

*Note: The price is not recalculated to the current value. It refers to the actual final price at the time the item was sold.


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