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1025 Farben
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1025 Farben
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1025 Farben

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About the item

Dramatically variegated across a vibrant expanse of individual chromatic quadrants, the cellular kaleidoscopic field of 1025 Farben essays a monumental and immaculate exhibition of Gerhard Richters iconic corpus of Colour Charts. Bereft of any figurative subject, painting has been refined and pared down to its simplest and yet most evocative form: colour. The artists first series of Farbtafeln or Colour Charts originated in 1966. Appropriating the ready-made aspect of industrial paint charts in a Pop art refutation of the lofty ideals of abstract colour-theorists, they were intended, Richter explained, as "an assault on the falsity and religiosity of the way people glorified abstraction, with such phony reverence. Devotional art all those Church handicrafts" (Gerhard Richter cited in: Hans-Ulrich Obrist, Ed., Gerhard Richter: The Daily Practice of Painting, London 1995, p. 41). Richter's second series of Colour Charts was begun in 1971 and consisted of only four paintings. The present work is from the final series of Farbtafeln that occupied Richter throughout 1973 and 1974. In this series Richter added mixes of light grey, dark grey, and later, green, to generate an even wider range of colours and in some cases abandoned the traditional white grid between the chromatic swatches the present work however retains the distinct grid of the early works. Considered a deeply important facet in the encompassing trajectory of Richters career, a staggering eleven out of twenty of these later Colour Charts reside in prestigious museum collections worldwide, including the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art; the Museo dArte Contemporaneo, Turin; the Kunstmuseum, Bonn; the Ludwig Forum für Internationale Kunst, Aachen; the MKM Museum, Duisburg; the Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humblebaek, and the esteemed Prada Collection, Milan. There is no rhyme or reason to the arrangement of the autonomous units of colour in Richters iconic corpus of Colour Charts. Through a process-based random arrangement of colour, the artist offered the viewer an elaborate interplay between Conceptual 'model' and arbitrary 'choice'.  Indeed, when he first began to make these paintings, Richter had his friend Blinky Palermo randomly call out colours, which Richter then adopted for his work. Chance thus plays a key role in their creation, even though the surfaces of the Colour Charts seem so deliberate and systematic. As the artist has stated: The arrangement of the colour tones in the fields was coincidental, so as to achieve a diffuse, indifferent overall effect and thus permit exciting details. The rigid screen prevents the formation of figurations, although these can be made visible if an effort is made. This type of artificial naturalism is an aspect which fascinates me (Gerhard Richter cited in: Roald Nasgaard, Gerhard Richter, Chicago 1988, p. 77). Seemingly in response to the Minimal tendencies of much of the art of that period, Richter subsequently abandoned the original paint chart pretext and created a mechanically progressive series of grids where the colour of each square was chosen according to a law of random permutations. The range of the colours he employed was determined by a mathematical system for mixing primary colours in graduated amounts. Each colour was then randomly ordered to create the resultant composition and form of the painting. The artists interest in arrangements of colour, whether random or mathematical, calls to mind Ellsworth Kelly's Spectrum series. Both artists were concerned with colour as form, abandoning the traditional use of colour as representational. Damien Hirst would later explore similar ideas with his colourful and orderly Spot Paintings.\nThe creation of the first Colour Chart painting in 1966 precipitated an intense period of experimentation that incorporated development of the respective series of Cityscapes, Mountainscapes, the Panes of Glass, the Mirrors, and the Grey paintings. Through these works Richter interrogated the limits of visual perception and the mechanics of painting. The paradigm of the photo-painting, as an object and technique, had been resolved and glorious examples had been achieved, executed in his strict palette of black and white with scintillating gradations of grey in between, providing mass, shape and form in the most exquisite of illusory fashions. Colour had been deliberately eschewed as he felt it interfered with the dynamic between image and index: the absence of colour was necessary to focus the eye on his bewilderingly formal apparitions. Moreover, during the 1960s, most photography was still made using black-and-white film, so Richters minimal palette remained faithful to his desire to make photographs out of paint.\n1025 Farben evidences Richters desire to create a painting that sublimates any artistic drive to assert personality onto the canvas. Comprising fractionally raised, smooth, glossy surfaces, the lacquer blocks are discreet, independent units of colour. As the eye absorbs the multitude of hues spanning the spectrum, new illusory forms and colours are created. It is as if he created this painting to control and train his artistry and temperament. As such, 1025 Farben affords us ample reference to the mechanics of representation in absentia. The illusion of the Photo Paintings is continued here, but manifest in a different dialect. Rather than seeing the image from afar, now the image has been magnified and pixellated to its essential core: blocks of colour standing independently next to each other.\nAs Richters most pronounced concession to Minimalism, the Colour Charts occupy an enigmatic midpoint between the polarities of his monochrome Photo Paintings and the artists transition into full painterly abstraction in the late 1970s. As such, they are closely aligned to Richters Grey Paintings and Clouds, and serve as an important central function in the artists exploration of anti-painting and chance. Explaining his conscious act of annihilation of any artistic, gestural or stylistic choice, Richter declared: I pursue no objectives, no system, no tendency; I have no programme, no style, no directions. I have no time for specialised concerns, working themes, or variations that lead to mastery, I steer clear of direction. I dont know what I want. I am inconsistent, non-committal, passive; I like the indefinite, the boundless; I like continual uncertainty (Gerhard Richter, 'Notes 1964' in:  Hans Ulrich Obrist, Ed., op. cit., p. 73). As an artistic mission statement, Richter is categorical in his determination for indeterminacy. In 1025 Farben each colour is entirely liberated and simplified to its absolute essence. The colours buzz with energy and are no longer dependent on form but become form.\nRichters corpus of Colour Charts extends the inspiration of myriad precedent, from the abstract work of the Bauhaus; the colour theories of Josef Albers; the structured order of Minimalism; to the ready-made inspiration of Pop, to create a series of works that deconstructed the very notion of painting itself. The present work simultaneously stands among the most minimalistic yet visually intense works of Richters unparalleled oeuvre, whilst representing the most transgressive and conceptually poignant turning point of the artists career. All aspects of the Richters philosophical, historical, and aesthetic concerns are captured in the glorious prismatic kaleidoscope of 1025 Farbens abstract colour fields.\nSigned, dated 1974 and numbered 357/2 on the reverse
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medium

Lacquer on canvas

creator

Richter, Gerhard

condition

Colour: The colour in the catalogue illustration is fairly accurate, although the overall tonality is brighter and more vibrant in the original. Condition: Please refer to the department for a professional condition report. "In response to your inquiry, we are pleased to provide you with a general report of the condition of the property described above. Since we are not professional conservators or restorers, we urge you to consult with a restorer or conservator of your choice who will be better able to provide a detailed, professional report. Prospective buyers should inspect each lot to satisfy themselves as to condition and must understand that any statement made by Sotheby's is merely a subjective, qualified opinion. Prospective buyers should also refer to any Important Notices regarding this sale, which are printed in the Sale Catalogue. NOTWITHSTANDING THIS REPORT OR ANY DISCUSSIONS CONCERNING A LOT, ALL LOTS ARE OFFERED AND SOLD AS IS" IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE CONDITIONS OF BUSINESS PRINTED IN THE SALE CATALOGUE."

dimensions

120.7 by 123.8 cm. 47 1/2 by 48 3/4 in.

literature

Exh. Cat. (and catalogue raisonné), Düsseldorf, Städtische Kunsthalle Düsseldorf (and travelling), Gerhard Richter: Bilder 1962-1985, January - September 1986, p. 385, no. 357-2 (text) Exh. Cat. (and catalogue raisonné), Bonn, Kunst-und Ausstellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Gerhard Richter: 1962-1993, December 1993 - February 1994, n.p., no. 357-2, illustrated in colour Dietmar Elger, Ed., Gerhard Richter: Catalogue Raisonné 1968-1976, Vol. II, Ostfildern 2017, p. 589, no. 357-2, illustrated in colour

provenance

Galerie Jasa, Munich Private Collection (acquired from the above in 1976) Sotheby’s, New York, 14 May 2008, Lot 12 (consigned by the above) Acquired from the above by the present owner

signedDate

Signed, dated 1974 and numbered 357/2 on the reverse

artist_range_end

1932

artist_range_start

1932

creator_nationality_dates

B. 1932


*Note: The price is not recalculated to the current value. It refers to the actual final price at the time the item was sold.

*Note: The price is not recalculated to the current value. It refers to the actual final price at the time the item was sold.


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