This original Marc Chagall (1887-1985) lithograph features the Greek mythological figure of Orpheus. The work is executed in classic Chagall style with whimsical outlines and vivid color. Orpheus was renowned for his gifted lyre playing that could enchant people and animals alike. After his wife Eurydice's death, he traveled to the underworld in despair to retrieve her and played so beautifully that he was allowed to bring her back to earth, under the condition that he would not turn around to look at her until they had left. However, Orpheus did not obey and lost her forever, as perhaps depicted her by the upside-down woman whose face is contorted in grief in the upper righthand corner.

Andre Derain (1880-1954) engraved this work titled Ulysse, the Roman name for Odysseus, the famous Greek king. Ulysses is shown wearing the classic Roman toga and in the background, a ship sails, recalling the ten year journey that Odysseus embarked on following the Trojan War as chronicled in Homer's Odyssey. Derain was one of the founders of Fauvism with Henri Matisse, and in the early 1900s he painted vivid scenes of the Mediterranean. Post World War 1, he became interested in Classical subjects and his later work eschewed colorful landscapes for more stark depictions of Classical scenes.

In the 1950s, Salvador Dali (1904-1989) was commissioned to create woodcuts for the anniversary of Dante's death with scenes from the Divine Comedy. There was controversy about the Spanish Dali being chosen as the artist instead of an Italian so the government terminated the partnership, but Dali completed the project with a French company in 1963 that included over 3,600 woodcut scenes.

This triptych represents three scenes from Dante's Divine Comedy, a 14th century allegorical poem that follows Dante through Hell, Purgatory and Heaven. The scene on the far left is from Hell depicting Charon who boats the sinners across the River Acheron into the underworld. The middle scene is the meeting of Dante and Beatrice, after Dante has traveled through the tiers of the seven deadly sins in Purgatory. Beatrice embodies the path to heaven and leads Dante into paradise. The final panel presents an exchange between Dante and Virgil, the ancient Roman poet who wrote The Aeneid, that was Dante's companion through Hell and Purgatory. Due to his philosophies and non-Christian beliefs, he cannot enter Heaven with Dante and Beatrice, and Virgil bids good bye to Dante, crowning him "lord of your self."

This lithograph by Jean Cocteau (1889-1963) shows the winged horse of the Greek gods, Pegasus, in battle with "les poetes", the poets. Cocteau's art was influenced by Cubist styles, reflected here in the intricate lines and defined geometric shapes. The majestic Pegasus dominates over the helpless poets and illustrates a dynamism of movement and emotion. Jean Cocteau mingled with Paris' avant-garde in the early 20th century and although he was known for his drawings and poster designs, his legacy lies in his writings and films, which includes Beauty and the Beast (1946).

Polish artist Andrej Mniszech (1823-1905) painted this oil composition in 1867, depicting Poseidon, the Greek god of the sea, holding his ubiquitous trident in his chariot surrounded by the attending cherubim, nymphs and mythological creatures. Mniszech came from an aristocratic family and was a prolific art collector before he turned to painting under the tutelage of two French painters in Paris. While he mostly painted portraits (one of them sold in 2007 for $65,000 at Sotheby's), he experimented with mythological scenes such as this one.

Here, Paul Gervais (1859-1944) depicts "Les gracieuses," his 20th century rendition of the three Greek goddesses known as the Graces. Gervais' dreamy garden scene, executed in pastel hues and soft, blurred strokes, creates the idyllic visions that he was best known for conjuring. He was celebrated for his historical and allegorical artworks that often depicted scenes of women and love in mythology and decorated casinos in the south of France.

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