Robert Motherwell at Guild Hall, installation view Robert Motherwell at Guild Hall, installation view

Robert Motherwell (January 24, 1915 – July 16, 1991) was an American painter, printmaker, and editor. Coining the phrase the New York School he was the youngest of the group that included artists like Philip Guston, Willem de Kooning, Lee Krasner, Jackson Pollock and Mark Rothko.

Robert Motherwell, At Five in the Afternoon. Robert Motherwell, At Five in the Afternoon.

Motherwell helped lay the foundations for Abstract Expressionism in the early 1940s. Upon moving to New York in 1940 to study at Columbia University he was encouraged by Meyer Schapiro to pursue painting who introduced him to Max Ernst, Masson and Duchamp - the group of exiled Parisian surrealists - who greatly came to influence his work. Chilean artist Roberto Matta introduced him to automatic painting a process of automatism, or abstract "automatic" doodling to tap into the unconscious which became the foundation for Abstract Expressionism, or the term which Motherwell himself coined for the movement The New York School.

Robert Motherwell, Ulysses Robert Motherwell, Ulysses

The exhibition, curated by Phyllis Tuchman, features 24 of the artist's stormy pieces showing his transition from automatism to Abstract Expressionism painted during his years in East Hampton between 1944-1952 and is accompanied by a lovely book. The work is visually abstract but conceptually driven, springing from the artists views of the world. A selection of photos from his home and studio on Jericho Lane and Georgica Road are also on view.

Robert Motherwell BARCELONA ELEGY TO THE SPANISH REPUBLIC Robert Motherwell BARCELONA ELEGY TO THE SPANISH REPUBLIC

Robert Motherwell, The East Hampton Years 1944-1952 is on view at Guild Hall, East Hampton, NY until October 13th 2014.

See more Robert Motherwell on Barnebys here.

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