Gerhard Richter (1932-) Germany

Painter Gerhard Richter studied socialistic realism painting at the Dresden Art Academy from 1951 to 1956 and later escaped to West Germany where he studied avant-garde art at Kunstakademie in Düsseldorf from 1961-1963. Together with artist colleague Sigmar Polke, Richter coined the term Capitalist Realism during an exhibition of works influenced by pop held in a furniture store in 1963.

Richter was inspired by Jackson Pollock and Lucio Fontana. Through his art, he explored the relationship between the real and the abstract. His painting was rooted in mass culture, but diverged in various directions – from the figurative to the abstract, from photorealism to monochromes.

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