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Civilian Exclusion Order No
Civilian Exclusion Order No

Civilian Exclusion Order No

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1,650 USD

About the item

Broadside notice from the Western Defense Command and Fourth Army Wartime Civil Control Administration regarding the 1942 relocation of Japanese Americans, dated May 5, 1942, excluding all persons of Japanese ancestry from a portion of Military Area No. 1 within San Francisco County, California, with specific boundary streets provided outlining the designated area, and calling for individuals residing in that area to report to the Civil Control Station in San Francisco. Some light soiling along edges, minor creasing to lower left corner. Approximately 22 x 14 inches. San Francisco, 1942. From late March to August 1942, a series of 108 civilian exclusion orders were issued by Gen. John L. DeWitt, head of the Western Defense Command (WDC), which directed the exclusion of "all persons of Japanese ancestry, including aliens and non-aliens" from designated areas along the West Coast of the United States. These orders systematically facilitated the removal of all Japanese Americans in California, Washington, Oregon, and parts of Arizona, neighborhood by neighborhood. The first proclamations on February 19 and March 2 created Military Areas 1 and 2, the former including the western half of Washington and Oregon, the southern half of Arizona, and the western half of California from the Oregon border to Los Angeles and the area immediately south of the city. The initial proclamations encouraged "voluntary evacuation" from Area 1 to inland states and to Area 2. The voluntary resettlement did not produce significant results, and so the WDC moved to organize forcible removal of Japanese Americans from these areas. 99 exclusion areas were carved out, encompassing Military Area 1. The Census Bureau illegally provided confidential demographic information to the WDC to assist in the defining of these areas. Exclusion orders were then issued sequentially, with areas deemed to be the most sensitive militarily given highest priority. Exclusion Order No. 1 was issued on March 24, 1942, and targeted Bainbridge Island, Washington. The orders were posted on buildings, billboards, telephone poles, and other high visibility spots, giving Japanese Americans one week's notice to prepare.
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1,650 USD

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HART, SOLOMON ALEXANDER

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